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Development, Social Justice, and Civil Society: An Introduction to the Political Economy of NGOs

Development, Social Justice, and Civil Society: An Introduction to the Political Economy of NGOs
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Edited book , Notes
$14.95 (11.21)
This book is an introduction to the political economy of NGOs. Today NGOs are recognized as vital partners for government and industry. They address social and environmental problems with greater effieciency and cost effectiveness than government agencies. Multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and the World Bank increasingly rely on NGOs to assist in the oversight of the projects and programs they support.

This text reviews the historical evolution that has led to the mainstreaming of NGOs and in some cases, to corruption, graft, and deviation from their founding principles. It also describes the challenges that NGOs face in less developed countries. While NGOs are applauded by international organizations and by the governments of developed countries, they are still viewed as a political threat in many developing countries where they are marginalized by legal by legal constraints and bureaucracies that make their survival almost impossible.

Quotes from the book:

"Fear and Want. These two words summarize the sufferings of humankind across history. Endeavoring to free people from fear and want is both the most noble and the most difficult challenge that we face. To promote human security is an ambitious goal, but it is commensurate with the needs and aspirations of the twenty-first century."
—François Fouinat, Executive Director, UN Commission on Human Security

"An NGO should not enter into collaboration with a for-profit corporation if the main motivation of the corporation is to gain a market advantage over competitors."
—WANGO Code of Ethics and Conduct for NGOs

"The corporate community must accept that business is not merely charged to manage risk, or make sound investment decisions and attempt to cope with economic uncertainties. Those are the easier tasks. The corporate community needs to reflect on what it can do to bring about changes that will create a new ethical, and level playing field on which business can function fairly and transparently, without corruption."
—Tunku Abdul Aziz, Vice Chairman, Transparency International

"In 1991 less than 10% of our projects had any input from NGOs. By the end of the 90s, over half of Asian Development Bank (ADB) projects included NGO input."
—Robert Dobias, Head, NGO Center, Asian Development Bank

"NGOs that challenge existing political arrangements and challenge those government policies, which pose a threat to human security, can face serious repercussions from the implicated governments that are unwilling to hear public criticism of their actions. Some governments have sought to restrict the power of NGOs by creating legislation, which limits their sanctioned activity to the non-political arena."
—Sarah Michael, Harvard University Global Equity Initiative

Table of Contents
Part I: The Political Economy of NGOs by Thomas J. Ward

Part II: NGOs and Multilateral Financial Institutions— Opportunities and Challenges at the Asian Development Bank
2. An Overview of the Asian Development Bank’s Approaches to NGOs and Ethics byRobert Dobias

Part III: The Role of NGOs in Shaping Public Policy— Fighting Trafficking and the Sex Trade in South and Southeast Asia
3. Understanding the Human Cost of Trafficking by V. Mohini Giri
4. Trafficking of Women and Children in Asia by William Carey
5. Trafficking in Women and Children: A Case Study of Thailand Sudarat Sereewat

Part IV: Human Security or National Security? Views from the East River and from the Potomac
6. The Shape of Terrorism in Southeast Asia by Dana R. Dillon
7. Human Security and the Role of NGOs by François Fouinat

Part V: The Comparative Advantage of NGOs
8. What NGOs Bring to Advance Human Security by Sarah Michael

Part VI: Political and Economic Challenges to NGOs in LDCs: The Case of Thailand
9. Why NGOs in LDCs Need a UN High Commissioner for Civil Society by Mechai Viravaidya
10. The Role of Ethics and NGOs in an Emerging Market Economy by Juree Vadit-Vadakan

Part VII: Learning to Manage Ethical Risk: The Public Trust and NGOs
11. The Human Family as as the Foundation of Ethics by Chung Hwan Kwak
12. NGOs and Ethics: Towards an Ethical Culture in Governmental, Corporate, and Civil Society Sectors by Tunku Abdul Aziz
13. The Civil Rights Movement in America: Lessons for Worldwide Movements for Human Rights by Roy Innis
14. Democratic Society and the Search for a Meaningful Working Ethic by Harumi Kawamura
15. NGOs: A Futuristic Vision by Kashinath Pandita
16. Towards a Working Ethical Paradigm for NGOs by Alan Fowler
17. The Need for a Code of Ethics for Public Figures and Organizations by Daniel Williams
18. WANGO Proposed Code of Ethics and Conduct for NGOs

Part VIII: A Synopsis of Findings
19. Synopsis of Findings by Thomas J. Ward
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